For the last two-three years we have been hearing about 5G. But when will 5G start in India and what is the problem? Because of which 5G is not being started in India. This is a big question that needs to be answered.
India ranks second among the countries with the world’s largest population. And here 5G internet has been heard for the last two-three years. The government itself is saying that we want to start 5G internet in India as soon as possible.
4G Internet network has started functioning fully in India. However, Vodafone Idea’s network is still not available in some parts of the country. But Reliance Jio and Bharti Airtel have made 4G internet services available across the country.
How long will 5G launch in India?
The biggest question here is when will 5G internet start in India? According to experts, 5G Internet is not expected to be launched in India before 2025. Experts say that 5G technology is expensive right now. In such a situation, India’s telecom companies are not in a position to spend so much. In such a situation, experts are hoping that first Indian telecom companies will wait for 5G technology to be cheap. And after that 5G internet can be launched in India.
However, India’s telecom company Reliance Jio has done a successful trial of 5G. But the spectrum has not yet been auctioned by the government. And its process has not even been started yet. In such a situation, if there is no auction of spectrum, then it is wrong to think about 5G. Reliance Jio is saying that as soon as the Indian government will make available 5G spectrum to us. We will make 5G service available to our customers in India. So here the question arises that why 5G spectrum is not being auctioned in India? And what are the problems due to which 5G internet has not started in India yet?
5G spectrum has not yet been auctioned by the government
India’s Information and Broadcasting Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad had said that India may have lagged behind starting the 4g service. But we will be among the leading countries in introducing 5G internet. But it seems that this thing is now being proved completely false.
Let us tell you for information that 5G internet facilities have started in 26 countries of the world. Which includes countries like America China and Great Britain. The condition in India is still that only the tenders for spectrum have not been invited here. How will the auction of spectrum be done when tenders are not invited? And how will 5G internet start in India? This is a great question.
At the same time, there is also a big question whether foreign companies can also participate in 5G trials in India. The situation in the country is not yet clear regarding the Chinese company Huawei. Many companies in Britain and America and Europe have moved out the company of China.
In such a situation, the Government of India is also expected to keep its 5G out of the Internet. Huawei has been accused of stealing data around the world and wrongly cooperating with the Chinese government.
5G is not viable right now due to high cost in India
You will be surprised to know that the most expensive 5G internet is going to be in India. We are able to say this because the cost of developing 5G technology is the highest here. The world’s most expensive spectrum is also in India.
In such a situation, experts are saying that it is not practical to adopt 5G technology in India right now. Telecom companies will be able to generate more revenue than the companies will incur. Experts are expressing message on this too. So how can 5G be started in India? Experts are saying that if India wants to adopt 5G soon, the government will have to reduce the spectrum fees.
Another major obstacle is the low availability of spectrum in India. The number of telecom subscribers in India is continuously increasing. While the availability of spectrum is much less than that. Talking about Reliance Jio, Reliance Jio is using the spectrum there by contracting with foreign companies. In such a situation, it will be interesting to see how long 5G internet can be started in India, due to low availability of spectrum?
India is a country where people are very concerned about the price. In such a situation, due to the high cost of 5G, its plans can prove costly. Experts are saying that a consumer bill can come in India up to ₹ 999. In such a situation, it will also be interesting to see how many people of India adopt 5G internet at such a high cost? Now, if we talk about China and America, then more than 6 crore people have adopted 5G internet there.
India has always been behind in the world of Internet
It is not that only 5G arrival in India is delayed. Rather, if you talk about 2G, 3G and 4G, then we are far behind the world. In such a situation, we have lagged behind even in 5G, so it is not surprising.
When we came to 2G from GSM, it took us 10 years to upgrade our service. After this, however, we did see some speed in providing 3G and 4G internet facility. But still we were far behind the world.
Recently, India’s Information and Broadcasting Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad had said that even though we have lagged behind the world in providing 3G and 4G internet service. But now we will not lag behind the world in providing 5G internet facility to the people of our country. But this claim is proving false.
The biggest obstacle in providing internet facility in India is the auction of spectrum. It is generally seen that a large number of scams have taken place whenever spectrum is auctioned. India’s 2G spectrum scam was notorious worldwide. 176,000 crore worth of scam was allegedly done in this scam. After which the Supreme Court had canceled the auction of 2G spectrum. However the 2g spectrum scam was not later proved in court. But this causes unnecessary delays in the process. Which has a direct impact on the availability of internet.
At which bandwidth will 5G internet start in India?
India is one of the countries in the world where bandwidth has been lacking in bandwidth availability in the world. In such a situation, the question arises on which bandwith will 5G be available in India? 5G is currently available from 3600 bandwidth to 7000 bandwidth. It is an internet connection with medium bandwidth.
Where 5G’s 7000 bandwidth is considered the most premium bandwith. The cost of spectrum in India will determine at which bandwidth in India 5G internet facility will be available. And how fast 5G internet will be available to the people of India. If 5G is to be made viable in India, then the government will have to reduce the spectrum fees. Apart from this, there is no other way.
If 5G premium in India is not able to start on bandwidth then its speed event is believed to be fixed. If we talk about the availability of internet speed in India, then according to India Ookla is present at number 131. Which recently did a survey about the speed of internet all over the world. According to this survey, countries like Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka are also ahead of India in comparison to internet speed.
In which case 5G internet will start in India? This will determine the cost of spectrum. Also, the cost of 5G internet and its speed will also depend on the cost of spectrum. Let us tell you for information that the world’s most expensive spectrum is currently available in India. Which is provided by the Government of India.
The condition of 4G internet in India right now is that it is slower than 3G internet. In such a situation, what will be the speed of 5G internet in India? It will also be interesting to see.
Indian telecom companies are in poor financial condition
At present, the economic condition of telecom companies in India is very bad. In such a situation, the economic condition of Indian telecom companies is also a major obstacle in starting 5G internet in India? For which the government has to find some way out.
Experts are saying that if 5G internet starts in India at a premium bandwidth of 7000 bandwidth, then Indian companies will have to spend 328 billion rupees for this. Which does not seem practical at the moment.
At the same time, if Indian telecom companies start 5G internet around 3600 bandwith in India, then it will cost 4.9 billion rupees. Which is much less.
In such a situation, it is expected that Indian telecom companies will provide 5G internet in India from 3000 to 3600 bandwidth only. In such a situation, 5G internet speed is also likely to be much lower in India than in the world.
The availability of 7000 bandwidth spectrum in India is also quite low. And there is a lot of shortage. In such a situation, the telecom companies will bid from 3000 to 3600 spectrum. However, if the Indian telecom companies are able to buy spectrum with the availability of 7000 bandwidth, then India can join the countries with the fastest 5G internet in the world. But it will also be interesting to see how long the Government of India will make the availability of 5G spectrum in India to the telecom companies.
The availability of 5G internet in India will also depend on how much money Indian telecom companies spend on their network in the coming time? We should not forget that 2G and 4G spectrum bandwidth is available with the Indian telecom company. His renewal will be in time to come. And telecom companies will have to spend billions of rupees on this, of which Reliance Jio will have to spend 280 billion rupees on renewal of 4G spectrum. Apart from this, Bharti Airtel will have to spend 129 billion rupees and vodafone-idea three 83 billion rupees. In such a situation, it will also be interesting to see how much spectrum telecom companies will be able to buy for 5G.
However, the relief here is that the expansion of 4G network of telecom companies in India is almost over. And now they can move towards 5G. Reliance Jio and Airtel have given full extension to their 4G network. And today the 4G network of Reliance Jio and Airtel is available all over India. However, vodafone-idea is still expanding its 4G network. Experts are hoping that in the coming time, Vodafone Idea’s 4G network will also be available across the country.
However, the biggest concern for the telecom companies is that they are yet to pay the dues of agr to the government. Which is a huge amount. However, the Supreme Court has given 10 years time to the telecom companies to pay the arrears of AGR. But the interest on it is going to outweigh these telecom companies.
This will also affect the availability of 5G in India. Because when telecom companies will not have money to spend, then from where will they be able to spend money in 5G spectrum and network? This is also a matter to be seen. The same telecom companies will be able to lend how much debt to government banks for 5G spectrum. It will depend on the government. The condition of state-run banks in India is also bad. And their NPA is constantly increasing. According to a recent media report, the debt of state-owned banks already rests on telecom companies. Which telecom companies have to pay.
In such a situation, 5G internet will be available to customers before 2025 in India. Experts are rarely expecting this.
Indian telecom companies will have to make major changes in the network
If the telecom companies in India have to provide 5G service, then for this, major changes will have to be made in their network. Currently, 2G and 4G are two types of internet available in India.
If telecom companies have to make 5G internet available then major changes will have to be made in the network. And it costs a lot. However, a separate network for 5G will be laid by Indian telecom companies, it is very unlikely. Because Indian telecom companies have already spent a lot of money in 2G 3G and 4G internet. And now his financial condition is not such that he can make a separate network for 5G.
The 5G mix can make the connection available to Indian consumers. Where voice calling is in 4G, then 5G will be to meet your internet needs. That is, when you are running the Internet, then you will have a 5G connection available. But when you are doing voice calling then you will get 4G speed. Experts are saying that given the economic condition of Indian telecom companies, this technology also seems practical. Which is called ORAAM.
Where was the first 5G internet available in India?
However, experts are saying that by 2025 5G internet will be available in India. But now the question arises that where will India’s telecom companies first provide 5G internet?
According to a report by Motilal Oswal, 5G internet can be provided by telecom companies in the first major cities and metro cities in India. After that, telecom companies in India will gradually make 5G internet available. As happened at the time of 3G, however, the availability of 4G internet was made in large part at the same time.
But now telecom companies have to spend a lot of money for this, which is finding difficult now.
Talking about the cost of 5G internet in India, it can be around 300000 lakh crore rupees. But if 5G internet is made available only in metro and big cities in India, then it can cost around 130000 crores rupees. This has been said in a report by Motilal Oswal. There is also a big cost for Reliance Jio which will come in providing 5G internet. Apart from this, this expense is going to be huge for Bharti Airtel too. We cannot talk about vodafone-idea. Because their financial condition is already bad. In such a situation, it will be interesting to see how long 5G internet is available in India.
Talking about the availability of 5G across India, it may be possible around 2030. Before that 5G internet will be available all over India. It is unlikely for experts.