The farmers and the government are face to face with the new agrarian reform laws. The government has insisted that new agrarian reform laws will not be withdrawn. And farmers are saying that the demonstration will continue till the new agrarian reform laws are withdrawn. The farmers also have the support of the opposition. And opposition with the farmers has also landed on the streets.
Now the question arises what are the things that the government is hiding from the farmers. What are the things in the new agrarian reform law in which reform can be done according to the demands of the farmers or the demands of the farmers can be met. What are the issues of farmers which the government is not ready to include in these laws.
The fight with the farmers’ government is on the minimum support price
Farmers fear that the private sector will enter the agricultural sector after the implementation of new agrarian reform laws. And private companies will start buying grain from farmers. In such a situation, the government will not buy from the farmers at the minimum support price.
The farmers want that a provision should be made in the new agrarian reform law that no private company will be able to buy food grains from farmers at a price below the minimum support price. The farmers want the government to guarantee in the new laws that the minimum support price will never be abolished.
In such a situation, in response to a question asked by India Today, the government said that the previous governments did not make any law regarding the minimum support price of this method. The question that arises here is that the previous governments did not enact any legislation related to the minimum support price. Now the question arises here that when new agrarian reform laws are coming into force for the first time in the country. So the need is still there for the law of minimum support price. In such a situation, why can’t the government make a law on the minimum support price? This is a thinking question.
Industrialists will buy produce at arbitrary prices
The government has now removed the stock limit under the new agrarian reform laws. This means that industrialists can buy and collect any goods from farmers. Farmers fear that if industrialists bought huge quantities above the farmers at high prices. And later if we create our own monopoly, the produce of the farmers will be purchased at arbitrary prices. And the products of the farmers will be sold in the market at arbitrary prices. Seeing this fear, farmers are protesting about this law.
Government benefits farmers due to privatization in agriculture
On the other hand, the government has made its stand on the new agrarian reform law. The government says that farmers will directly benefit from the new agrarian reform laws. And farmers are being seduced.
The government says that at present, the private sector has only 13% participation in agriculture. We want to increase this to 30%. On the other hand, the share of food processing parks related to agriculture is only 1%. We also want to take this forward. For this, new agricultural reform laws are necessary. The government says that when the policy of globalization was adopted in the country in 1991. At the same time new agricultural reforms should have been implemented. Which has not been done.
When globalization was adopted in India in 1991, the government said that it would import large quantities of food grains from abroad. And the condition of farmers in India will get worse. Therefore agriculture cannot be made a part of globalization. And for this, the government had taken steps like raising the minimum support price.
Where did the concept of MSP in India come from?
Lal Bahadur Shastri, the former Prime Minister of the country, wanted that the farmers of the country should not suffer the least losses in agriculture. Hence Lal Bahadur Shastri constituted a committee. After this it was decided that the minimum support price for farmers would be set. And if the farmers’ produce is being sold in the market at a price below this minimum support price, the government will buy this produce at a minimum support price. Which will be extended by the government from time to time as per the requirement.
After the government fixed the minimum support price, a large quantity of grain was purchased from farmers. However it is only 6% of the country’s farmers. From whom grain is purchased at the minimum support price. The Food Corporation of India was reduced in 1965 to store this grain. Which oversees the program of storage and distribution of food grains in the country.