India’s ranking in terms of Human Development Index has fallen further. The Human Development Index is released for countries around the world. India’s position has fallen two places according to the latest released Human Development Index data. This means that living conditions in India have a negative impact.
What does the Human Development Index mean that living conditions exist in a country? At the same time, education, health and life expectancy rates are also seen there.
Why and how is the Human Development Index released?
The Human Development Index is released every year by the United Nations Human Development Program. Which we call HDI. If you go to the official website of HDI i.e. Human Development Index, then you will know why the Human Development Index is released every year. According to the HDI official website, the main purpose of releasing the Human Development Index is that the economic growth of a country Is not seen only by its development. The Human Development Index tells us how many capabilities of the citizens of a country are being used. The Human Development Index also shows how effective the policies of governments of different countries are. The Human Development Index also tells us how long and healthy people are living in a country. What is the standard of education of the people of the country and how is their standard of living?
Now the question arises here that how is the Human Development Index prepared? 3 parameters are kept in mind while preparing the Human Development Index.
The first criterion is life expectancy. It is seen that how long a child lives in a country after birth, it is called life expectancy. The second criterion is education. It is seen that in which country children can go to school for how many years. The third point is the standard of living. It is seen that in which country what is the standard of living of a person? GNI is used to measure this point. Which is called Capita on Gross National. These three categories are combined to form the Human Development Index.
What is India’s position in the Human Development Index?
Now let us look at India’s position in terms of Human Development Index. India is at number 131 in the Human Development Index Index. Life expectancy in India is 69.7 months. In India, the life expectancy in 2019 was 69.4 months, which means that it has seen some improvement.
When a child is born in India, its time to attend school is 12.2 years, in 2019 this figure was 12.3 years. That is, it has seen a slight decline. If we look at gross national income in India, then it is US $ 6681 per person. Talking in Indian rupees, it is 4.91 lakh rupees per year.
Talking about the top countries in the Human Development Index, Norway is at number one. Ireland is at second and Switzerland is at number three. Last year, Switzerland was at number two and Ireland at number three. In terms of Human Development Index, Britain is at number 13, while America is at number 17.
In the case of human development index, if we talk about the situation of our neighboring countries, China was also at number 85 last year. While this year it is present at number 85 only. If we talk about the development index of our neighboring country Pakistan, it was present at number 152 last year. While this year Pakistan ranks 155 in terms of Human Development Index.
Niger is the worst state in the Human Development Index. It ranks last in the Human Development Index. It is the last of 189 countries.